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Day of military glory of Russia: 635 years ago, Russian troops defeated the Mongol armies in the Battle of Kulikovo

Day of military glory of Russia - Victory Day Russian regiments, headed by Grand Prince Dmitry Donskoy on the Mongol armies in the Battle of Kulikovo (1380)

September 21 marks the Day of military glory of Russia - Victory Day Russian regiments, headed by Grand Prince Dmitry Donskoy on the Mongol armies in the Battle of Kulikovo (1380). It is set by the Federal Law of 13 March 1995 “On the days of glory and anniversaries of Russia.”

Battle of Kulikovo (Mamay) - a battle between the united Russian army headed by the Moscow Grand Prince Dmitry Ivanovich and his army Temnik (old Russian name of the chief of the Tatar detachment of ten thousand troops, “darkness” or “tumens”) Golden Horde Mamaia, September 8 1380 at Kulikovo field (historic district between the rivers Don and Nepryadva Beautiful Sword in the southeast of the Tula region).

As a result of the Mongol-Tatar conquest of the XIII century Mongol-Tatar had the feudal state - the Golden Horde, which covers the territory of Western Siberia, Northern Khorezm, Volga Bulgaria, the North Caucasus, the Crimea and the steppes from the Volga to the Danube. Russia, fragmented into principalities, the Golden Horde was a vassal.

In the 60 years of the XIV century has seen a strengthening of the Moscow principality and combining the remaining land around the North-Eastern Russia. Almost simultaneously, the Golden Horde was going increasing power Temnik Mamaia. He received the title of emir and became head of the Horde, which was located to the west of the Volga to the Dnieper and on the steppes of the Crimea and the Caucasus.

In 1374, the Moscow Prince Dmitry Ivanovich, who had a label on the Grand Duchy of Vladimir, refused to pay tribute to the Golden Horde. Do not put up with it, Mamai in 1378 sent troops to Russia, headed by Murza Begich, which was broken in the Ryazan land on a tributary of the Oka River Vozha Russian regiments, led by the prince of Moscow.

To break the ever-increasing power of the Russian principalities (especially Moscow) and to suppress their desire for independence Mamai planned a new campaign, which attracted the armed groups of the conquered peoples of the Volga and the North Caucasus, in his army were also heavily armed infantrymen from the Genoese colonies in the Crimea. Allies of the Horde made a great Lithuanian prince Jagiello Prince Oleg of Ryazan. Jagiello would not strengthen either the Horde or the Russian side, and eventually on the battlefield his troops did not appear; Oleg Ryazan went to an alliance with the Mother, fearing for the fate of their border principality, but he is the first to report on the progress of Prince Dmitry horde of troops and did not participate in the battle.

In the summer of 1380 mom started a campaign in the lower reaches of the Don in Russia. Having learned about the performance of the Horde forces, the Grand Duke of Moscow and Vladimir Dmitri Ivanovich collected in Kolomna near Moscow regiments and armies of all the Moscow principality and the allied princes.

21 September 2015

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